Symptoms of throat cancer include a chronic sore throat and pain while swallowing. Throat cancer is a condition where cancerous tumors develop in your tonsils, voice box (larynx), or throat (pharynx).Risk factors that increase your chance of developing throat cancer include heavy alcohol use, smoking tobacco, a diet low in fruits and vegetables, being infected with HPV (human papillomavirus), drinking mate (a stimulant drink found in South America), and chewing betel quid (a stimulant found in Asia).Most cases of this type of cancer occur in people over the age of 60. The most common early sign of throat cancer is a chronic hoarse voice. This symptom is easily recognized resulting in early diagnosis when there is a high chance of recovery. When the cancer progresses, the chances that the cancer will go away is less high.The throat is a muscular tube that starts behind your nose and end inside of your neck. The voice box rests right below your throat and is also susceptible to throat cancer. It is made out of cartilage and comprises of vocal cords that vibrate to make sounds while you talk. In addition, throat cancer can also occur in the epiglottis, a piece of cartilage that covers you windpipe like a lid. Your tonsils are located at the back of the throat, which can also be susceptible to cancer.Cancer is a disease in the cells of your body. There are many different types of cancers that can occur in a variety of cells. Cancer cells are all abnormal and multiply beyond control.There are two types of tumors: benign and malignant. Malignant tumors are lumps or a growth of cancer cells that continue to grow and multiple. When they grow larger, they are able to spread into nearby tissues and organs, causing more damage.They can also spread to parts of the body far away from its original position. This happens when cells break off from the first tumor and is carried away in the blood or lymph channels to other parts of the body. These cells can then form other tumors in other areas of the body and can spread again.Symptoms of throat cancerinclude a hoarse voice. This is the primary first sign of this cancer because most cancers start on the larynx first or by the larynx. Unfortunately, many people associate a hoarse voice with laryngitis, a common viral infection of the larynx. Laryngitis will go away on its own, whereas a hoarse voice due to throat cancer will not.Other symptoms include weight loss for no apparent reason, pain or difficulties while swallowing, a cough, ear pain, a lump in the throat or neck area, and bleeding from the throat. In advanced cases, the tumor may be so large that it causes difficulties while breathing. If the cancer spreads to other parts of the body, a number of different symptoms can develop that are particular to those types of cancers.To diagnose yourself with throat cancer, it is important that you see a doctor. Only your doctor will be able to diagnose you properly. If your doctor suspects you have the cancer, he or she will refer you to a specialist that will examine the insides of your throat. A biopsy may be needed to confirm the results. A biopsy is a tiny sample of tissue is taken from your body and tested.If you are diagnosed with cancer, treatment options include chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy. Your doctor will be able to help you choose which treatment is best for you.If you notice the above symptoms of throat cancer, be sure to book an appointment with your doctor quickly. The earlier the diagnoses, the higher the changes of recovery will be.Reference links: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001042.htm
http://www.patient.co.uk/health/laryngeal-throat-cancer The symptoms and treatment of throat cancer – Jemy Jose
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